Guide for Authors

Paper Submission Guide

Updated: March 15, 2022

Conflict of Interest [download]

Cover Letter [download]

Original manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word and submitted online in order to be read by JOKL editors and the assigned members of the Editorial Board. Authors should consider that the editors have the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions. Hereafter, authors must be waiting for approval of their work before publication.

Citations in the Text:

JOKL follows APA style of citation. Each work cited in the text must appear in the Works Cited list, and vise-versa. However, two kinds of material are cited only in the text: references to classical works such as The Bible and The Qur’an, whose sections are standardized across editions, and references to personal communication.

Works Cited

JOKL follows APA method of Citation:,the%20end%20of%20the%20paper.


  1. General Requirements

1.1. Language

JOKL accepts manuscripts written in both Kurdish and Persian. 

1.2. Numbers

In writing numbers, authors must use a period instead of a comma and/or a hyphen. Moreover, it is necessary to divide numbers containing more than five digits into groups of three (i.e., 10 000.471 85, but 1000.4718).

1.3. Length of Paper

Papers between minimum of 5000 words and maximum of 8000 words including abstract and references are preferred.


  1. Title Page

Authors should upload the Title Page as a supplementary file for the editor to review in order to prevent the identification; since this journal approves articles with high system quells any disturbance.

2.1. Title

Main title should not be more than 12 words and must be bolded (Font: for Persian Manuscripts Lotus; Size: 15 pt. for Kurdish manuscripts Unikurd Hejar; Size:15). Linearly, abbreviations and/or purposeless word are not accepted in the title. The subtitle should be italicized and centered directly below the main title.

2.2 Authors’ Name and Affiliation

The name of the authors: the first name, initial(s) middle, and last name. To assist researchers as well as librarians, use the same form for publication. All titles and degrees must be omitted too (e.g., Dr., Professor, PhD, PsyD, and EdD).

The authors’ affiliation identifies the location of the author(s) at the time the research was conducted, which is usually an institution. Include a dual affiliation only if two institutions contributed substantial support to the study. Include no more than two affiliations per author. If an author has no institutional affiliation, list the city and state of his/her residence. The names of the authors should appear in the order of their contributions, centered between the side margins. For names with suffixes (e.g., Jr. and II), separate the suffix from the rest of the name with a space instead of a comma. Only provide a complete mailing address of the corresponding author for correspondence.


  1. Preparation of Text

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

Title; abstract; keywords (indexing terms, normally four-to-six items); introduction; literature review; theoretical framework; methods and/or techniques; material studied; results; discussion and findings; conclusion; acknowledgements; references.

3.1 General Rules for Text

Please use the following rules for the entire text, including abstract, keywords, headings, and references.

Font: Lotus for Persian manuscripts; Unikurd Hejar for Kurdish manuscripts. Size: 13 pt.

Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph — 0 pt.; below paragraph — 4 pt.

Line Spacing: fixed, 1 pt.

Heading 1: Lotus for Persian manuscripts; Unikurd Hejar for Kurdish manuscripts; 12 pt.; Bold; for example, 1. First-level Heading

Heading 2: Lotus for Persian manuscripts; Unikurd Hejar for Kurdish manuscripts; 12 pt.; Italic; for example, 1.1 Second-level Heading

Heading 3: Lotus for Persian manuscripts; Unikurd Hejar for Kurdish manuscripts; 12 pt.; for example, 1.1.1 Third-level Heading

3.2 Abstract

A concise and factual abstract is required. It should be between 150 and 250 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but, if essential, they must be cited in full in the abstract without relying on the reference list.

3.3 Keywords

Listing keywords helps Editorial Board to find works in databases. Then, provide 5 to 7 keywords while avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts. About abbreviations only firmly established ones in the field may be eligible.


  1. Citation

4.1. In-text Citations: Author-Date Style

The APA referencing style is an "author-date" style, so the citation in the text consists of the author(s) and the year of publication given wholly or partly in round brackets. Use only the surname of the author(s) followed by a comma and the year of publication. Include page, chapter or section numbers if you need to be specific, for example if you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarizing. For example:

(Jones, 1998, p. 199) or (Jones, 1998, pp. 199–201).

Citing Multiple Works by the Same Author

If these works are by the same author, the surname is stated once followed by the dates in order chronologically. For instance:

Mitchell (2007, 2013, 2017) Or (Mitchell, 2007, 2013, 2017)

Citing two articles by the same author:

… in his work on rock art (Bednarik, 2001, 2003a). He also has interest in the watercraft during the Pleistocene (Bednarik, 2003c) and the figurines of Africa (Bednarik, 2003b).

Citing two books by the same author:

When an author or author(s) published multiple sources in the same year, include a lowercase letter immediately following the date. Begin this lettering with "a" and; continue in alphabetical order. For example: (Winston, 2017a) (Winston, 2017b).

4.2. Referencing

An Article in a Scholarly Journal

A scholarly journal can be thought of as a container, as are collections of short stories or poems, a television series, or even a website. A container can be thought of as anything that contains other pieces of work. In this case, cite the author and title of article as you normally would.

Author Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range.

Ex: Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., & Thompson, W. R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review, 15(3), 396-419.

An Article in a Special Issue of a Scholarly Journal

List the editor(s) of the special section or issue in the author position and the title of the special section or issue in the title position. 

Provide the page range for a special section. Do not provide a page range for a special issue. 

If you are citing an article within a special section or issue (rather than the entire issue or section), use the format for a journal article. You do not need to include the title of the special section or issue.  

Editor surname, Initial(s)., Editor surname, Initial(s)., & Editor Surname, Initial(s). (Eds.). (Year). Title of special issue [Special issue].

Ex: Campbell, K., Lustig, C., & Hasher, L. (Eds.). (2020). Aging and inhibition: The view ahead [Special issue]. Psychology and Aging, 35(5). 

Article in a Magazine

To cite a print magazine article in APA Style, list the author's name, the publication date, the article title, the magazine name, the volume and issue numbers if available, and the page range of the article. Last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day).

Last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine Name, Volume (Issue), page range.

Ex: Luckerson, V. (2014, January). Tech’s biggest promises for 2014. TIME183, 23-25.

Article in a Newspaper

An APA Style newspaper citation includes the author, the publication date, the headline of the article, and the name of the newspaper in italics. Print newspaper citations include a page number or range; online newspaper citations include a URL.

Ex: Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, A1, A4.

Article and Book Review

When using direct quotations or a paraphrase from a book in your book review, you must cite the author according to the book review format in APA style. This is done by including the name of the author, the year of publication and the page number.

Use the following format: Author Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year, Month Day if applicable). Title of review: Subtitle if needed [Review of the publication type Publication title, by author first initial(s) last name].

Anonymous Articles

When a work has no identified author, cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, a chapter or a web page, and italicize the title of a journal, a book, a brochure, or a report. When a work's author is designated as "Anonymous" cite in text the word Anonymous followed by a comma and the date.

Ex: A mammoth guilt trip: Criminalizing the American company. (2014). The Economist, 21-24.

Basic Book Format

A book citation in APA Style always includes the author's name, the publication year, the book title, and the publisher.

Last name, Initials. (Year). Book title (Editor/translator initials, Last name, Ed. or Trans.) (Edition). Publisher.

Book with More Than One Author

If a work has two authors, separate their names with an ampersand (&) in a parenthetical citation or “and” in a narrative citation. If there are three or more authors, only include the first author's last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”.

Two or More Books by the Same Author

Use the author's name for all entries and list the entries by the year (earliest comes first). List references with no dates before references with dates.

When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another citation, as the first author of a group, list the one-author entries first.

Ex: Agnew, C. R. (Ed.). (2014). Social influences on romantic relationships: Beyond the dyad. Cambridge University Press.

Agnew, C. R., & South, S. C. (Eds.). (2014). Interpersonal relationships and health: Social and clinical psychological mechanisms. Oxford University Press.

References that have the same first author and different second and/or third authors are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the second author, or the last name of the third if the first and second authors are the same.

Ex: Arriaga, X. B., Capezza, N. M., Reed, J. T., Wesselman, E. D., & Williams, K. D. (2014). With partners like you, who needs strangers?: Ostracism involving a romantic partner. Personal Relationships, 21(4), 557-569.

A Translated Book

Credit the original source by providing the year the work was originally published (in its original language) at the end of the reference in parentheses and preceded by the words “Original work published,” as shown in the following example. Both the original publication date and the republished date of the translated work appear in the in-text citations, with the earlier year first, separated with a slash.

(Year Published). Book title (Translator First Initial. Last Name, Trans.). City of Publication, State/Country: Publisher.

Republished Book

When referencing a republished book, include the original date of publication at the end of the reference list entry. In-text citations should include both the republished and original publication dates.

Ex: Russell, B. (1998). The Problems of Philosophy (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. (Original work published 1912)

A Work Prepared by an Editor

If an entire edited book with authored chapters is cited, the editor is listed as the author with the abbreviation "(Ed.)" after his name, or "(Eds.)" if there is more than one editor. Multiple editors are formatted the same way as authors. List first editor with the last name first, followed by a comma and "(Ed.)." 

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher.

A Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection

Likewise, a work in an anthology should be cited like a chapter in an edited book, in which the chapter author and chapter title appear at the beginning of the reference, followed by information about the edited book.

Ex: Lewin, K. (1999). Personal adjustment and group belongingness. In M. Gold (Ed.), A Kurt Lewin reader: The complete social scientist (pp. 327–332). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. (Original work published 1941).

Poem or Short Story Examples:

To cite a short story in APA format, you follow the citation method for a chapter in a book. Therefore, you include the author, date, title of the short story, editor, book title, publisher, pages.

To cite a poem, use the following formula:

Formula: Poet Last Name, First Name. “Title of Poem.” Title of Book: Subtitle if Any, edited by Editor's First Name Last Name, Edition if given and is not first, Publisher Name often shortened, Year of Publication, pp. xx-xx.

An Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword

List the name of the author of the book element cited. Follow the date with the name of the element and then with the title of the book. Add the page numbers on which the element appears.

Ex:  Weiss, B. (Ed.). (1982). Introduction. American education and the European immigrant 1840-1940 (pp. xi-xxviii). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Dissertations and Master's Theses

To cite a published dissertation, you need to include: Author, A. A. (Year). Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis (Publication number, if available) [Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis, Institution]. Publisher.


  1. Note

Items in the footnotes page should be double-spaced, and the notes are presented in the numerical order in which they appeared in the text of the paper. Each entry should be marked with a superscript numeral and should be indented 5 to 7 spaces (as you would indent a paragraph). 


  1. Appendix

How do you do an appendix in APA?

Put the appendix label centered at the top of the page. On the next line under the appendix label, place the centered title of the appendix. If you refer to a source in your appendix, include an in-text citation just as you would in the main body of your paper and then include the source in your main reference section.