نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 استاد گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشکده زبان و ادبیات، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران
3 دانشجوی دکتری گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Romanticism in Kurdish literature, like the literature of other nations in the Middle East, was formed under the influence of Western romanticism. The term romanticism was introduced to contemporary Kurdish literature at the beginning of the 20th century. Romanticism in Kurdish literature, and especially in poetry, was formulated under indirect influences of Turkish romantic literature. Hekari, Piremird, Goran and Sheikh Nouri Sheikh Saleh were able to establish the school of romanticism in Kurdish literature. Kurdish romantic poetry was developed by a number of poets after this first group and they completely avoided the order of classicism in terms of theme and content. Goran, as the precursor of contemporary Kurdish poetry, was able to elevate Kurdish romantic poetry to its peak. In this article, we introduce Abdul Rahim Rahimi Hekari as the founder of Kurdish romantic poetry. We also discuss the history of romanticism; its origin, its dominance, and the reasons behind its emergence and expansion in Kurdish literature. Then we present the components of romanticism in the poems and works of Kurdish poets, as well as the relationship between modern and romantic poetry in Kurdish literature.