عنوان مقاله [English]
The Infinitive, the base of the verb, is the primary means of verb formation. The verb as the main component and predominant of a sentence in Kurdish language can take on various structures, including mood, negation, tense, etc. When looking at the mood of a verb in Kurdish language, three moods of the verbs can be distinguished: Indicative, Subjective, and Imperative. The indicative mood, this includes most of the sentences in Kurdish language. The subjunctive mood is a mood that does not indicate the occurrence of the action or the non-occurrence of the action in an exact manner, since the action manifests itself as wish, hope, and doubt. The imperative mood is where the speaker forces the listener to apply or not apply the verb. Negative markers in Bahdinan Kurdish dialect change according with time and mood. There are two negation markers, which (نا) and (نە) are considered grammatical markers. The marker (نە) goes with the verbs in the past in the indicative mood as well as with verbs in the past and present in the subjunctive and the imperative moods. The marker (نا) goes with the present tense of the indicative mood. If the verb is simple, these markers are placed at the beginning of the verb. However, if the verb is compound, it follows the first part of the verb. Nevertheless, in the future tenses, the marker (نا) replaces (دێ), and it always goes at the beginning of the verb.