عنوان مقاله [English]
Forough Farrokhzad (1935-1967) and Jila Hosseini (1965-1997) wrote poetry in two languages – Persian and Kurdish – and lived in different cultural contexts and historical periods. However, both are considered contemporary Iranian female intellectuals whose poetry in line with the post-feminist discourse, following the acceptance of “human totality,” and in parallel with a kind of “feminist transition” moves from negative to positive feminism in a tragic and non-theoretical context; Passing the “nihilistic transition” it finally reaches the moment of the superman “creation” that is the same as Nietzsche’s “will to power” in “Dionysian woman,” against the dualistic dogmas of “traditional patriarchal culture” and the extremism of “modern feminism” both violating the human totality. The present study adopted an analytical-descriptive method to explore the “tragic insight” of these two poets in the way they encounter “metaphysics” in their rebellious attitudes, as well as the final concept of “love of destiny,” which distinguishes Jila as a late poet of the so-called “influence anxiety” from Forough as an earlier poet. Their struggle against the catastrophes and sufferings of life following Nietzsche’s “metamorphosis” and, more specifically, an aesthetic justification and gratifying affirmation of the totality of life makes these women the creative superman.